Dried Fig is another member of dried fruits and nuts family, which is originated in western Asia and later expanded in the Mediterranean. According to Harley in 1985, Initially figs come fro from a tree, which is called "Ficus Carica" and this tree needs dry along with hot temperature geographical situation in order to grow and reach the maturity. There is a long history behind this dried fruit as this product is mentioned in Quran, Bible as well as Torah, and it is said, as no cloths were invented in early years of the earth Adam and Eve used to cover their bodies with figs leaves.
Figs are edible either in fresh form or in different dried, preserved, as well as canned forms. The prime center for this product in Iran belongs to Estahban valley in Fars province with 20,000 hectares of figs farms evidentially the whole Iranian figs produce in this province. One of the obstacles that Iranian exporters are facing in exportation of dried figs is Aflatoxin, which happens by toxigenic fungal contamination. The process of sun-drying can be identified as one of the major reasons for the contamination, as labors need to hand pick those dried ripe fruits which are on the ground and then dry them through sunlight, hence the chance of contamination significantly increase in this way (Tosun and Delen, 1998). Figs normally being exported in the form of dried or fig paste due to longer shelf life in these two forms (Sadhu, 1990).
The main three producers of figs in the world can be listed as Turkey, USA and Iran that these three countries annually produce 1,077,21 metric tons (FAO, 2003). According to FAO in 2007 Iran produced approximately 88,000 metric tons and exported around 1,610 tons in 2005, which shows Iran has a very tiny market share of this product. Iranian figs are also known as small/baby figs, and the main characteristic of Iranian baby figs can be identified as being dry, hard and wrinkled. Fig trees normally reach to maturity level of production approximately four years after plantation and they will continue to grow for 20-25 years. Them main importers of Iranian dried figs are china, Russia, India and Hong Kong. Iranian figs are classified into two main groups, open mouth (101) and closed mouth and each type can be subdivided into two to three types again.